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Is It Safe to Grow Vegetables In 5 Gallon Buckets?

Using gallon buckets and containers to grow garden plants is becoming increasingly common. Containers and gallon buckets are perfect if you don’t have a large garden to grow your plants. More so, these plants can be used for ornamental purposes in your household.

But, is it safe to grow vegetables in 5 gallon buckets? Yes, most garden vegetables can grow and thrive in a 5-gallon bucket. 5-gallon buckets make terrific containers for a vast number of vegetables.

Using 5-gallon buckets to grow your vegetables and herbs means that you can grow different vegetables as you’d like.

This post will provide guidelines to employ when growing vegetables in 5-gallon buckets and some garden vegetables that can safely grow in a 5-gallon bucket.

Is It Safe to Grow Vegetables In 5 Gallon Buckets?

It is safe to grow vegetables in 5-gallon buckets. You must bear in mind that not all vegetables are suitable for a 5-gallon bucket. But the good news is that most garden vegetables can be comfortably grown in a 5-gallon bucket.

5-gallon buckets are considered safer for vegetables because they have adequate potting soil for roots to thrive.

Vegetables That Can Grow In 5 Gallon Buckets

Is It Safe to Grow Vegetables In 5 Gallon Buckets

Below are some of the plants that grow well in a 5-gallon bucket.

1. Tomatoes

Cherry or bush tomatoes work best for a 5-gallon bucket. Plant only 1 tomato per bucket. Move your tomato plants indoors or undercover when cold weather threatens.

2. Peppers

Most varieties of sweet and chili pepper will thrive in a 5-gallon bucket. The shallow roots of pepper plants mean that they will do quite well in a container. 2 pepper plants can grow in a 5-gallon bucket.

3. Eggplant

Certain dwarf varieties of eggplants such as ‘fairy tale’ and ‘little finger’ can thrive in a 5-gallon bucket provided they have sufficient nutrients. It is best to plant a single eggplant in a 5-gallon bucket.

4. Zucchini

Varieties of the zucchini plants like ravens, silver bush, etc., will thrive best in containers. Zucchini vegetables are perfect for small-space gardeners making it the ideal plant to grow in a 5-gallon bucket. It’s best to plant 1 zucchini per 5-gallon bucket.

5. Carrots

Carrots can also be grown in 5-gallon buckets. Interestingly, a wide range of carrots can grow safely in containers.

The container should be deep enough to allow even longer roots to grow.  Up to 10 carrots can grow in a 5-gallon bucket.

6. Potatoes

Potatoes are also comfortably referred to as container plants. A 5-gallon bucket will also be suitable for growing a single potato plant.

7. Strawberries

Strawberries are self-maintenance plants that flourish in a 5-gallon bucket. You can grow a lot of strawberries in a single 5-gallon bucket.

8. Beans

You can plant one bush bean plant in a 5-gallon bucket. Beans also need plenty of water, so make sure you keep the soil moist.

How to Grow Vegetables in a 5 Gallon Bucket

Growing vegetables in a 5-gallon bucket are the best way to start your gardening journey. The simple guidelines below will help you with growing vegetables in buckets.

  1. Buy a 5-gallon bucket at your local home improvement store. Make sure that the bucket is free of toxic chemicals or materials.
  2. Make holes in the bottom of the 5-gallon bucket for drainage. Use a nail and hammer to make one hole every 3 (8 cm.) inches.
  3. You can paint the bucket for a nicer appearance.
  4. Place some gravel in the bottom of the bucket; this will help with drainage – about 2-3 (5-8 cm.) inches of small rocks should work fine.
  5. Fill the rest of the bucket up with an even mixture of peat moss, planting soil, and compost. Do not use garden soil or topsoil as these can compact in the bucket and hinder plant growth.
  6. Place your plants or sow seeds in the bucket. Only use established plants or seeds.
  7. Water frequently during dry spells.

Further Readings:


As already established, container and gallon buckets are commonly used due to the benefits of growing your plants in containers.

In answering the question, is it safe to grow vegetables in 5 gallon buckets? We discover that growing some vegetables in 5-gallon buckets are relatively safe and that vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, pepper, etc., thrive best in a 5-gallon bucket.