Pineapples are originally native to the Southern Parts of America but are widely grown worldwide, including in the Philippines, Costa Rica, and the American Hawaii State.
Pineapple features deep green, strap-like leaves, and an oval shape, thus making it a striking option to add to your potted garden or even in your outside garden in frost-free climates. But, how many pineapples per plant? Some gardeners often get confused about how many fruits a pineapple plant produces.
Generally, each pineapple plant can produce not more than three fruits throughout its lifetime before it is replaced. However, while there are plants that can fruit multiple times (although they are few and far between), others may produce little.
What Is A Pineapple Plant?
The concept “Pineapple” was first coined in 1398 to explain the pine cones from trees rather than the fruit itself. But, in 1694, the pine cones were later referred to as the seedling. However, in 1664, when the European tourists arrived Americas, they gave the tropical fruit a name, otherwise known as “Pineapple.”
Scientifically called Ananas comosus, pineapples are most popularly grown in tropical U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10 to 12, yet they can thrive when you grow them indoors in any climate. Generally, pineapple is an aggregate fruit. In other words, it is produced from a cluster of little purple flowers.
Meanwhile, its flowers are up to one to two hundred, and can also be called inflorescence, as they develop from the middle of the pineapple plant. However, the flowers tend to dry out within 5 to 6 months after flowering and will begin to fuse to form what we see as pineapple fruit today.
It takes a very long time for pineapple plants to bloom and form fruits. They can only form a few edible fruits before the plant begins to wilt or dry out. The pineapple mother plant only fruits once in its entire lifetime.
However, they can form suckers, or ratoons, close to the primary plant during its blooming or fruiting period. Then, once it has completed its fruiting routine, these mother plant pineapple gradually dies or dries out, but any huge suckers or ratoons around them will keep growing and suddenly form fresh fruit.
How Many Pineapples Per Plant?
Approximately a pineapple plant produces a maximum of three fruits during its entire lifetime, and each of the three fruits can only be produced one at a time. In other words, pineapple plants in the right conditions can only bear fruit for not more than three times in their lifetime before they are replaced.
However, as we earlier mentioned, not every pineapple plant can yield multiple fruits, and others might even produce more. But when you grow them indoors as potted plants, you can expect them to yield just one or two fruits per plant in their lifetime.
The reason is that growing indoors prevents them from getting the optimum conditions required for more fruiting.
Every flower stalk that the plant produce can form fruit. The first fruit typically yields the biggest fruit, and the others that follow later produce smaller fruits. Meanwhile, the mother plant of the pineapple can only yield one fruit in its entire lifetime.
However, it forms suckers, or ratoons, around the primary plant as it flowers and fruits. Then after fruiting, it dies off, while the huge suckers or ratoons around it keeps growing and subsequently bear fresh fruits. But, generally, each pineapple plant produces up to three fruits in its lifetime.
How Long Do Pineapples Take to Grow and Yield Fruits?
If you plant pineapples from the tops of shop-bought pineapples, they can take a longer time to grow. In this case, you can expect it to take over 24 months to produce fruit, while suckers can take up to 18 months, then slips take one year.
Meanwhile, after a pineapple begins to produce bloom, you must wait for about six extra months for the fruit to mature.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do Pineapple Plants Keep Producing Fruit?
Hardly! On average, the mother plant pineapple cannot fruit more than once throughout its lifetime, but they die after it has completed its fruit production cycle. However, they form suckers or ratoons near the primary plant during flowering and fruiting periods.
What Is the Lifespan of a Pineapple?
Approximately pineapples have a lifespan that spans about 7 years. However, they bear their first fruits after the second year. From then onwards, they continue to produce one fruit per plant.
Do Pineapples Require Full Sun?
Since pineapples are hardy plants, they’ll do best in partially shaded areas and can tolerate full sun conditions. They are stubborn plants that can survive under excess watering and under-watering. They also thrive in tropical climates.
Can I Plant a Whole Pineapple?
You might be able to propagate a whole pineapple, but it has disastrous consequences, as it can cause the small pineapple plant on top of it to rot even before it can form roots. Besides, the pineapple fruit is the reason for the planting in the first place.
Where Do Pineapple Grow Best?
Pineapples thrive best under warm conditions because of their tropical origins, which are in South America. However, when you grow them in cold weather climates, 32 degrees Fahrenheit or below can destroy the plant or cause it to freeze.
How Do I Force Pineapple to Fruit?
As long as a pineapple features at least thirty leaves, you can force it to bloom by using ethylene gas, a potent hormone to surround it. The easiest method to apply the gas is by putting a rotten apple in the middle of the pineapple and covering both using a plastic bag.